In the Amazon lowlands and on the east side of the Andes grows the world’s largest contiguous area of tropical rainforest. Diversity is extremely high: Ecuador has at least 18,000 species of vascular plants, and Brazil some 40,000. Important families of woody plants are Arecaceae (the palm family), Cyclanthaceae, Lecythidaceae, etc.; among the Epiphytes, the orchid and pineapple families are prominent. From the Amazon region, come the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) and giant water lily (Victoria regia), for example.
In dry tropical areas, including parts of Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil, there is deciduous forest and savannah (Campos, Llanos). In subtropical and temperate regions of Argentina, Uruguay, etc., there is prairie-like vegetation (pampas) as well as steppes and semi-arid areas. Patagonia’s steppes form a transition to the Antarctic plant kindgom.
Beautiful, exotic wood with a fine grain and lovely reddish-brown colour. In the rainforest, Jatoba grows scattered among the other varieties. The tree typically grows up to 40 m in height, with a diameter of up to 1.2 m. Jatoba is a strong, tough and stable wood, which can be used for worktops, floors and decking. FSC® certified available.
Hardness: Janka 870, i.e. very hard wood
Weight: 800 to 950 kg/m3 at 8% humidity
Beautiful purple-coloured wood, which matures in the light to a dark brown colour with a hint of purple. Exotic wood, which can be used for both worktops and floors, as well as a lot of other applications. Price-wise, purpleheart is somewhat cheaper than other exotic species.
Hardness: Janka 860, i.e. very hard wood
Weight: 900 to 1150 kg/m3 at 8% humidity